Even though the has been out of production for almost 17 years, it is still a popular car among Volvo enthusiasts and a favorite among our staff.How to make gravy sauce
Over the past 35 years since it was introduced, we have come to know quite a bit about the iconic model. Main Fuses Models The main fuse box is located in the driver side kick panel and sufferes from a few design flaws. First, the fuse box is susceptible to corrosion from water that can enter the interior and drip directly onto the fuses. Second, the small contact area of the European ceramic style fuses also leads to corrosion due to electrolosis. Prevent numerous problems associated with the fuse box, by pulling all fuses and cleaning them annually.
If you encounter a intermittent or no start issue on youryou can often get going again by simply spinning the fuses in their holders, which reestablishes electrical contact. Not for use with automatic climate control. OD Relay, wiring, switch and solenoid Models Why in the world Volvo chose to use an electronic overdrive instead of a real 5 speed manual transmission is beyond us, but they did and we have all suffered that decision!
Most common problem with the overdrive is due to the shift knob accidentally being pulled off of the shift lever while trying to engage reversewhich results in the OD button wires being disconnected from the switch. Next is failure of the OD wires just below the shifter, where they simply fail from being flexed back and forth thousands of times. Last on the list are the solenoid and the overdrive themselves. The overdrive works off of hydraulic pressure and as they age, they begin to lose pressure and engagement will become unreliable.
Call for details. Be prepared to replace them every years depending on how hard you drive the car. The reason for the unusually short lifespan of these parts is due to the safety related design. The mounts are designed to allow the engine to move back and under the car, keeping it out of the passenger compartment in the event of a serious head on collision. Volvo has had problems with this system since it was introduced in Volvo's still run into the same issues on their newer models.
Possibly in theory Volvos system is better, but in reality it gets overlooked and inevitably becomes clogged up and causes oil leaks and idle problems. This hose rests on the inner fender, over time a hole will wear through where it touches.
The problem is that you now have unfiltered and unmetered air entering the engine, which causes all sorts of erratic behavior. The car will be running lean and if you attempt to correct the mixture and get a decent idle unaware of the cause, you will introduce even more issues. Inspect the hose at every oil change and replace as necessary. Also related to the intake system is the air box thermostat. This is a small valve located in the air box that routes hot air from the exhaust manifold to aid in cold start performance until the engine reaches normal operating temperature.
It commonly fails in the open position allowing super heated air to be drawn into the engine, which reduces performance as well as dramatically shortening the life of the expensive air mass meter. Lumbar System and Seat Grid Models The seats in the are very comfortable when they are in good condition.Volvo Cars has a long reputation as a maker of inline or straight engines. This list of Volvo engines gives an overview of available internal combustion engines. InVolvo acquired a majority of the Penta stock, and inPenta became a subsidiary of Volvo.
Previous owner, Ford Motor Companyallowed Volvo to continue to design their own engines, with a new-generation straight-six engine introduced in More recently the VEA program has been launched. VEA engines are branded as "Drive-E" in marketing. InVolvo Cars announced they will no longer develop diesel engines.
In Volvo changed their engine branding nomenclature so that it is independent of engine size and number of cylinders. The letter "D" designates diesel and "T" petrol. Letters are followed by a number that dictate the level of power. The table below list the lower limit power required for each emblem in It is marketed under the Drive-E and G-power names. The Volvo Engine Petrol 4 is a four-cylinder engine with 1.
The Volvo Engine Diesel 4 is a four-cylinder engine with 2. It is used by Volvo in limited markets. Volvo's first six-cylinder engine was introduced in It was a side-valve straight-six engine. Volvo's next major advance was the B4B line of compact inline-four engines introduced in The B18 of was the company's next major advance, with five main bearings.
Volvo introduced the PRV engineits only V6 enginein The PRV was available in 2. Volvo licensed diesel engines from Volkswagen Group for decades. Volvo began a line of modular engines inwith straight-fourstraight-fiveand straight-six variants.
In the last Volvo Modular engine was produced. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Main article: Volvo Engine Architecture. Main article: Penta DB. Main article: Volvo B4B engine. Main article: Volvo B18 engine. Main article: Volvo B30 engine. Main article: PRV engine. Main article: Volvo Redblock Engine. Main articles: list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engineslist of Volkswagen Group diesel enginesand Turbocharged Direct Injection.Overview The Volvo and its relatives have a well balanced rear wheel drive chassis and a solidly built engine, but when you start adding boost the stock engine management system can have problems accounting for the extra air flow.
Fitting a MegaSquirt to these cars allows you to properly tune the engine for anything from a mildy modified car to an all out turbo drag buildup or IT racer. They did not always keep the electronics the same across all three models, or from naturally aspirated to turbo motors. For the rest of the details, the parts that are the same on every car like the coolant, intake, TPS, and o2 sensors, see the wiring section at MSEXtra.
The Bosch Hall effect distributors let you use almost any MegaSquirt variant out there. The Bosch LH2. This ignition system is pretty easy to take control of. One way to spot the Bosch LH2. These engines did not have a crank trigger.Self building house minecraft pe command
Bosch built several different ignitor boxes during this time period. Most of the ignitors installed in Volvos appear to have left dwell control up to the ECU. With a K-Jetronic mechanical fuel injection system, you will also need to swap your fuel system over to EFI. Many non-turbo s used a Chrysler ignition throughwith a Bosch fuel injection system.
We have confirmed that this system was used as far back as You can spot a Chrysler Ignition system by its lack of an external power stage module aka ignitor — with the Chrysler ignition system the coil is wired straight to the Ignition ECU remember these cars will have a separate computer for ignition and for fuel.
It is not clear if the Chrysler distributor works in the same way as the Bosch distributor or not. Later engines, starting aroundused a crank trigger. At the moment, this article covers the Bosch LH2. Information on the Chrysler and crank triggered setups will be added as it becomes available.
Since there is no need for a VR conditioner or onboard coil driver, you can use the V2. Changing the Trigger Offset in MegaTune will not change the displayed advance, instead, it changes the actual advance as seen with a timing light. Your goal is to make these two match.
To do this, get your engine warmed-up otherwise the timing moves as the temperature increases and idling, then use a timing light to verify to be certain your actual advance as shown by a timing light equals your the advance display on the advance gauge in MegaTune. IAC Valves It appears that earlier models may have used a thermal auxiliary air valve for idle control. Later ones used a pulse width modulated idle air control valve.
These car can use just about anything in the Megasquirt family, although the V2. The Megasquirt-I V3. The Megasquirt-II can provide a better idle if you are running very large injectors, so it can be useful on high boost buildups but not required. You will be able to use your existing sensors except for the MAP sensor which is built into the Megasquirt. If you are looking for an assembled unit with the mods in this article already installed, please contact us directly.
Tune it right. Tune it for less. Tune it Yourself. Website built by Creative Combustion. Hi, Guest! Welcome Guest Login Register.Acknowlegement for some details goes to Mike Aaro, Peter Linssen, Volvo manuals and other enthusiasts worldwide.
B Engine configuration: 2. Pistons Turbo pistons are dished. Not shown is low friction crank where thrust bearing is in centre, rather than end. Thrust bearing location at 3 journal.volvo 940 разбор в СПБ 1993 b230fb
Thrust bearing location at 5 journal. Block Expect any manner of surprises if the block is manufactured between Thrust bearing as above.
External clues - lens or disc type freeze plugs - no humps along the oil gallery on exhaust side. External clues - cup type freeze plugs - 3 distinctive humps above the oil gallery on exhaust side to accommodate oil squirters the 4 th is not so readily discernable.
Oil feed thread in block for turbos is M14x1. Same for oil pressure switch. Additional external clue :- rounded tooth timing gear and belt. Casting date on exhaust side of block, behind the alloy engine mount bracket remove bracket to gain access. Casting date location same, but also need to check for letters cast into block D, K, R,?Biology 100 exam 1
Casting date location same, but also need to check for letters cast into block D, K, L, R. Oil squirters for piston cooling. Telltale humps along the oil gallery on the exhaust side of the casting.
Top 10 Problems with 240 Volvos
Gear for driving front mounted distributor may be a blank and not machined All 's have gear machined. Exhaust manifold The dual runners and general design is very good.
Weight of turbo 4 cyl engine - approx kg 1b. Back to Quick Technical Index. Connecting Rods Con-rods. Thrust bearing as above External clues - lens or disc type freeze plugs - no humps along the oil gallery on exhaust side. Block Identification.Perhaps none are more vocal than our loyal contingent of Volvo fansa group who know that the road less traveled is often the more interesting, and occasionally frustrating, one to take when looking to build a project vehicle.
Not really. The end result is a cult of personality surrounding one of the iconic cars ever to come out of Sweden. The rear-wheel drive also happen to have evolved into one of the least-likely performance platforms out there, with a legion of dedicated owners providing a global support group for anyone who wants to try to squeeze at least a little speed and better handling out of these modestly-appointed automobiles. There are many paths to take on the journey from slow poke to FTD behind the wheel of a Volvo Still, there were a number of factory models available that were quicker than average, and which have become respectable starting points for would-be tuners.
If you want to keep things in the family, there are a few Volvo-sourced swaps that are for the most part plug-and-play.
Forget chasing naturally-aspirated power, as you money will go a lot farther in the world of forced induction. Which engine should you target? The BFT 2. This is ayou could put it in a The stock setup was intended to prioritize comfort over cornering, and Jared also considers a set of lowering springs usually up to a 35mm dropstiffer shock absorbers, and poly bushings all around as a great starting point.
You might be tempted by chassis bracing and strut tower bars, but keep in mind that the stiffer you make the car, the less comfortable it will be on regular roads. Rear-wheel drive, solid construction, plentiful parts availability — all three of these factors add up to a community of third-party engine swaps with a history dating back to the s when Converse Engineering began selling the first Volvo s outfitted with 5. While the continues to be a common, and relatively affordable swap for the Volvo crowd, the Series is not immune to the wave of LS appreciation that has swept over the entire customization community.
Affordable starting points include 4. If you want to graduate from the world of one-wheel burnouts to a full-locking diff out back, however, then a stouter unit is recommended the 8. Remember — these are just a few of the things you can do to a Volvo to get the juices flowing quicker than they did when your sedan, coupe, or wagon originally left the factory.
The only limit to how wild you want to get with your car is typically your budget, but if you use your imagination you can usually get around any financial roadblocks with a little creative engineering.
Volvos are fun! For more of a classic perspective — along with access to race-tested engine expertise — Vintage Performance Development has been focused on the Volvo community for the past 15 years. One Lap Volvo. You must be logged in to post a comment.
Remember Me. Something to Say? Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Other Articles You May Like. Go Junkyard Shopping! Close Login or Register Username. Subscribe today and save.CLICK lobe images to enlarge.
By comparison super long duration Volvo T5 GpA racing cam revs 4, to 7, rpm. The 'A' is nice in low to medium ranges but goes dead very quickly at the top. Cams were installed in a BFT turbo engine featuring a Haltech engine computer for programable fuel and ignition curves, ignition is CDI capacitor discharge ignition. Being quicker thru the gears is a combination of turbo boost and landing higher in the rev range between gears.
Another example of quicker rev-out was an uphill section of racetrack where I now change up a gear many metres before I normally would with the VX3. This cam will show your turbo engines potential! A question is : 'it has great performance on the top endbut considering its steep lobes does it idle?
Low end - again I was surprised, the engine is very happy to run along on light load at 1, rpm, also 2, as well. Has Link to dyno chart with this cam in a BFT. The VX3 cam is my favourite 'Volvo' manufactured cam. It also works well in a turbo engine and having used and tuned it for 3 years in a BFT, I know it well. This cam is featured in an old Volvo competition catalogue the 'BLUE book' being mated to the head and BFB enginebut is not a 'competition' cam.Synxis pm user guide
Most agree its soft down low, but has a very sweet and flexible mid range. It pulls about rpm further than other 'Volvo" cams to around 5, rpm and will continue to rev to 6, rpm, but the last rpm step is slow can depend on valve spring condition.
In a non-turbo engine, its not as exciting, better known for smooth performance and being a quantum leap over a standard 'M' cam. The 'H' 12 mm lift really revs in a normally aspirated engine not suitable for a turbobut check ipd or ENEM offerings. VX3 Spec - Exhaust Opens Running in - Instructions usualy advise: Do not idle the engine during the first 20 minutes of operation: run at rpm or above.
Hint - place an object at near rear of exhaust pipe to baffle the exh sound so you don't annoy the neighbours. I have done several trips interstate to Sydney Australia with this cam and even in an auto it transforms it into a totally different motor.
In spots where the car previously dropped out of overdrive it now just carries on. I actually accelerate on hills where I previously ran out of puff, it pulls strongly in mid to high revs and I should have swapped out the M cam long ago.
I am very happy with it.
Volvo B23 -moottori
But there is a downside - unlike the M cam, the V15 cam does I found require careful valve shim adjustment plus fine adjustment after a few months and does not seem to hold its spec for ever.
I do not yet have clicking tappets on idle but on off-idle revs I hear more valvetrain noise. Normal for this cam I understand. The Camshaft ID is at the rear of camshaft at rear of engine. With valve cover off its possible to position an inspection mirror at the rear and see the markings, but if the ign distributor is mounted into the rear of the cam, you will need to remove the distributor to see.First listed Feb. Note 1 : B23ET turbo came with head big coolant passage, although some are small coolant passage ; Note 2 : the B23FT for USA had a head; Note 3 : head is small coolant passage design.
Due to inlet port design, the head is a desirable item for higher performance engines. The inlet port design is significantly more advanced than the 53 0. Looking straight at the pic, notice the oval port bias is tilted to the left influencing flow to the left hand side, then it rolls toward the right as it swirls up into the combustion chamber and past the spark plug.
The curve of the inlet channel as it approaches the bowl is referred to as a 'swan neck' shape is slightly up down and around. Also see pic below. The inlet port has a rounded shape - straight-in and up with no port bias or flow enhancement. Spark plug points towards the hot exhaust valve good anti-knock design. There is quite a difference in spark plug angle between the and The sits at a much lower angle laid over more aimed more toward the exhaust port than the Combustion chamber Volume : Blue area indicates the chamber is larger around the exhaust valve than the Pink area.
Both combustion chambers measure 94 mm width across. Cylinder bore is 96 mm dia for 2. Illustration by A. Quote from Volvo - "Exhaust Valves are sodium filled and stellite coated. This provides good durability despite the high temperatures which arise in a turbo engine. The exhaust valves are tubular and partly filled with sodium. When the engine is running the sodium melts and is thrown back and forth in the valve. In this way heat is transferred via the sodium from the valve disc to the colder valve stem.
The temperature of the valve disc is therby reduced and its durability increased. Stellite is a material which has a very high heat resisitance.
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